China has come a long way in developing and reforming its capital markets. Its approach has been cautious, particularly regarding liberalizing cross border capital flows. At the same time, its direction for reforms is firm, e.g., most recently in raising the limit of foreign ownership of China's financial institutions. Clearly there are tradeoffs in designing regulation policies. Strong commitment and fast moves raise the risks of being front run by private sector opportunists. Yet, dragging the feet on reforms and liberalization can lead to entrenchment, opportunistic arbitrage over policy gaps, and distortions in resource allocation.
Furthermore, reforms and liberalization of China’s capital market might have significant ramifications on the world’s international monetary payment system and capital markets. Constraining cross border capital flows in China may create a sense of calm with regard to exchange rate volatility but may introduce distortions in capital allocation as well as complicate the path towards full liberalization. China’s pending full fledge free convertibility of renminbi and capital market liberation will, however, create significant impact on global monetary payment system, reserve holdings, and global portfolio rebalancing.
INSEAD, National University of Singapore (NUS) Business School, and PBC School of Finance at Tsinghua University (PBCSF) are planning a series of academic conferences on these topics. Our first conference, to be held in Beijing in Sept 21-22, 2018, features theoretical and empirical work on critical issues relevant to solving China's Gordian Knot in further reforming and liberalizing China's capital market. Our second conference, to be held in Singapore in 2019, features work on the impact of fuller RMB internationalization and liberalization of China’s capital markets on the international financial system and capital markets.